New Domestic Violence Risk Tool for Law Enforcement Available!
The Danger Assessment for Law Enforcement (DA-LE) is an evidence-based risk assessment tool that is designed to identify victims who are at the highest risk of intimate partner homicide (IPH) or near-lethal assault. It is administered on scene by law enforcement officers and acts as a supplement to the police report.
The DA-LE is easy to administer and score. It consists of 11 questions and has a built-in threshold to identify victims at the highest risk. The only source of information used in completing the questions on the DA-LE is the victim. The DA-LE also includes an override feature, allowing officers to use their professional judgment to override a score that does not meet the threshold if other factors lead them to believe the case is high risk.
There are two primary functions of the DA-LE. It is intended to provide additional information to the court to inform criminal justice proceedings, including bail and charging decisions. The DA-LE is also used to encourage victims identified as high risk to connect with domestic violence services through a customized protocol. Direct contact with victims, often after a violent event, provides officers with the unique opportunity to inform victims of their risk which may increase the likelihood that they will take protective actions.
The DA-LE is a product of collaboration between researchers and practitioners. The Jeanne Geiger Crisis Center (JGCC) partnered with two leading researchers in the field of IPH, Dr. Jacquelyn C. Campbell, PhD, RN, FAAN of Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing and Dr. Jill Theresa Messing, MSW, PhD of Arizona State University School of Social Work. Together, they co-developed the DA-LE. It is an evidence-based risk assessment tool developed with usability in mind.
Two separate data sources were used from previously conducted studies to both create and test the DA-LE. Risk assessment tools are measured by their predictive validity, the accuracy with which they are able to predict future events. The predictive validity of the DA-LE is considered to have a large effect. Click here to learn more about how the DA-LE was created and its predictive validity. Click here to learn more about how the DA-LE was created and it's predictive validity.
The DA-LE was originally developed for use by law enforcement agencies within the Domestic Violence High Risk Team (DVHRT) Model. However, the DA-LE can be impactful and effective in your community as an independent risk assessment tool incorporated into your domestic violence response system.
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Click here to access an article featuring the DA-LE in Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice: Informing Collaborative Interventions: Intimate Partner Violence Risk Assessment for Front Line Police Officers
Most murders of American women involve domestic violence, according to a reportreleased by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Thursday.
The CDC analyzed data from 18 states, finding 10,018 female homicides between 2003 and 2014. Over half ― 55 percent ― of cases where circumstances were known involved domestic violence. In 93 percent of those cases, victims were killed by current or former intimate partners: boyfriends, husbands, and lovers. The other 7 percent of victims were female friends, family members, first responders and bystanders who were killed during a domestic incident.....
“Center for Disease Control: Racial and Ethnic Differences in Homicides of Adult Women and the Role of Intimate Partner Violence — United States, 2003–2014”
Homicide is one of the leading causes of death for women aged ≤44 years.* In 2015, homicide caused the death of 3,519 girls and women in the United States. Rates of female homicide vary by race/ethnicity (1), and nearly half of victims are killed by a current or former male intimate partner (2). To inform homicide and intimate partner violence (IPV) prevention efforts, CDC analyzed homicide data from the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) among 10,018 women aged ≥18 years in 18 states during 2003–2014. The frequency of homicide by race/ethnicity and precipitating circumstances of homicides associated with and without IPV were examined.....